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Salamanders are any of approximately 550 extant species of amphibians within the order Caudata. They are typically characterized by a superficially lizard-like appearance, with slender bodies, short noses, and long tails. All known fossil salamanders and all extinct species fall under the order Caudata, while sometimes the extant species are grouped together as the Urodela. Salamanders have never more than four toes on their front legs and five on their rear legs, but some species have fewer. Their moist skin usually makes them reliant on habitats in or near water, or under some protection (e.g., moist ground), often in a wetland. Some salamander species are fully aquatic throughout life, some take to the water intermittently, and some are entirely terrestrial as adults. Unique among vertebrates, they are capable of regenerating lost limbs, as well as other body parts. Many of the members of the family Salamandridae are known as newts.

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Japanese Fire-bellied Newt.jpgAsiatic salamanders Japanese giant salamander.jpg Giant salamanders
Red salamander.jpgLungless salamanders Marbled salamander.jpgMole salamanders
Common mudpuppy.jpg Common mudpuppy Olm.JPG Olm
Fire salamander.jpgTrue salamanders and newts