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|domain||Bacteria||Staphylococcus is a genus of gram-positive bacteria that appear round (cocci), and form in grape-like clusters. Most of the 40 species are harmless and reside on the skin and mucous membranes of humans and other organisms. Staphylococcus can cause a wide variety of diseases in humans and animals through either toxin production or penetration. Staphylococcal toxins are a common cause of food poisoning, caused by bacteria growing in improperly stored food items. Inflamation of the salivary gland is a staphylococcal infection. Found worldwide, they are a small component of soil microbial flora.
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