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|domain||Bacteria||Salmonella is a genus of rod-shaped (bacillus) gram-negative bacteria of the Enterobacteriaceae family. The two species of Samonella are S. enterica, found in warm-blooded animals, and S. bongori, restricted to cold-blooded animals, particularly reptiles. Strains of Salmonella cause illnesses such as typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, and food poisoning (salmonellosis). Cell lengths are from 2 to 5 micrometers, with flagella all around the cell body. They are facultative anaerobes, capable of surviving with or without oxygen.
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